STUDIES & REPORTS
The League of Women Voters of Washington conducts formal studies to create our position and issues reports to present current information about important subjects. If you are looking for specific materials to take action on certain issues, see our Toolkits page.
The Study Process: There is a formal process by which The League of Women Voters does studies and takes positions on issues.
Click Here to find out more.
Click on the links below to be taken to a summary & a link to the documents.
Social & Economic Justice
This study reviews the issues raised by the historically close 2004 governor's race and the resulting changes in state law. Examined were the new state Voter Registration Database system and the various approaches to auditing election results. Included is a synopsis of Building Confidence in U.S. Elections, (The Carter-Baker Report) and a summary of recommendations of the Brennan Center for Justice and the Leadership Conference on Civil Rights for Improving Reliability of Direct Recording Electronic (DRE) Voting Systems.
An examination of the goals of representative democracy, the voting systems used in Western Democracies, and procedures in preparation for and conducting elections.
An Evaluation of Major Election Methods (PDF)
A Review of Various Election Methods, February 2020 (PDF)
At the turn of the 21st century, the League examined major alternatives of election methods used in western democracies and came to the above positions, which continue to address election methods well. That was nearly 20 years ago so the focus of this report is research and a report to bring up to date the information on election methods in use or under consideration for use in various places in 2020. Our goal, as always, is continuing education of League members, our elected officials and the public.
A two-year study looks at voting with absentee/vote-by-mail ballots, reviews the security checks in the ballot counting process, evaluates the role voting equipment plays in voting and tallying, and includes a definition of terms used in election processes.
Voting Inside and Outside the Box -- Part II (PDF)
The Initiative and Referendum Process
A review of initiative and referendum history and study of requirements and regulations adopted by other states and proposals that might work to improve the process in Washington.
Direct Democracy: The Initiative and Referendum Process in Washington (PDF)
The Citizens Jury on the Citizens Initiative Review was convened by the League of Women Voters of Washington as part of its mission to encourage citizen participation. The recommendations stated in this report are those of the 25-person Citizens Jury and should not be construed as the opinion of LWVWA.
Citizens Jury on the Citizen Initiative Review, Final Report (PDF)
Citizens Guide to the Courts
A project on Judicial Independence was undertaken in conjunction with 14 other Leagues across the U.S., funded and administered by the national League of Women Voters Education Fund. An outcome following from this project was the distribution to several thousand members of the public of this booklet published by the state office of court administration with production assistance from the LWVWA Education Fund.
Citizens Guide to the Courts (PDF)
There is a need for greater understanding of taxes in our communities. We believe that we should lead our communities in discussing how our governments should be financed. We hope that this study will help our members take an active role in informed public dialogue. This study was written by the League of Women Voters of Washington (LWVWA) in partnership with the Institute for Washington's Future (IWF).
County Finances: Tax and Revenue Systems in Washington Counties (2000) (PDF)A two-year project updating the League’s previous studies regarding the state tax structure and examining how to achieve a fair, adequate and transparent tax structure to be adopted for the State of Washington. 53 pages.
Washington State Tax Study Summary (PDF)
Under the framework of the league’s Privatization Position, the LWVWA Public Bank task force was formed to explore the public banking issue and evaluate the legislature proposed Washington Investment Trust, a state chartered public cooperative bank. The task force has two primary objectives: One is to analyze the issue of public banking, share the information and provide education to all leagues. The other is to recommend to the LWVWA state board whether to support, not support, or not decide on the current legislation after the analysis and evaluation of public banking and the proposed WA state legislation for a state owned public bank. The work of the task force is NOT a study. It is an evaluation of whether the existing state use of private commercial banks to manage public funds would meet the league standards under the Privatization Position or should the control of the state’s funds be returned to state control under a public bank.
A Washington State Owned Public Bank Is Compatible with LWVWA Position on Privatization: Recommendation on Public Banking and a State Owned Public Bank to the LWVWA Board (PDF)
By Public Bank Task Force, LWVWA, July 30, 2020
Fact Sheet for Local Leagues on Public Banks: Why Does Washington State Need a State-Owned Bank? (PDF)
Energy & Natural Resources
Shoreline Management Act at 56+ Years: Shorelines Study 2022
At the LWVWA Convention in 2019, Washington state League members voted to undertake a new study on shorelines. The proposal stated: “A new study is needed to extend the 2001 work on p. 26 of PIA [Program in Action] 2017-2019. The study should gather data on current shoreline conditions, projections, and issues.” This report is the culmination of that study. Shorelines, that dynamic and fragile place where land and water meet, were the focus of this study. We set out to examine current shoreline conditions, projections, and issues. Are the approximately 28,204 miles of shoreline in Washington state being protected adequately through existing policies and agencies, or are additional safeguards required?
Shoreline Management Act at 56+ Years: Shorelines Study 2022 (PDF)
This report examines the various sources of renewable energy, with the intent to provide a better understanding of these sources and the challenges and benefits to their development.
Washington State Conservation Districts
There are 47 conservation districts in Washington state, with the mission to promote conservation within their borders. This report reviews the history, governance and election procedures of the conservation districts, including the role of the Washington State Conservation Commission.
Washington State Conservation Districts (PDF)
Growth Management Act
A two-year study about the Growth Management Act in Washington State. Topics include how we got the Act and what it was intended to fix; specific components of the Act, such as goals, planning requirements and enforcement; an assessment of how it has worked around the state; successes and challenges; case studies; current controversies and comparison with other states.
Role of Vesting on the Growth Management Act
This report seeks to evaluate the impact of the vested rights doctrine on the permitting process and these goals, and the Land Use position of League of Women Voters of Washington State.
Washington's Dynamic Forests
A two-part study of forests and forest issues for citizens who wish to understand the history, policies and current issues of forests in our state.
Washington's Dynamic Forests 1 (PDF) and Washington's Dynamic Forests 2 (PDF)
Social & Economic Justice
Public Assistance as Public Policy
An examination of the safety-net and welfare system with a focus on who participates in Washington and the impact of the system.
Public Assistance as Public Policy (PDF)
This report includes recent changes in early care and education, current research results, the quality and affordability of current care, community-based services, and emerging issues in the field. The report also includes a discussion of government's role in this issue.
Early Care & Education of Young Children August 2008 (PDF)
Also available, the unabridged version of Early Care and Education of Young Children, Birth to Five, October 2008.
Washington State Ferries
Washington State Ferries are both a part of the state highway system and a mass transit provider. An updated study of the League of Women Voters of Washington Transportation Position with a focus on the Washington State Ferry System.
Washington State Ferries (PDF)
Washington State Public Port Districts
Examines the organizational structure of the ports system in Washington state - its governance (defined as the act, power, or process of governing); its financial basis; and how the public can be involved.
Washington State Public Port Districts (PDF)
To inquire about the availability of printed copies or for other titles, please contact the state office at (206) 622-8961 or by e-mail. Please contact the LWVWA for any additional information about studies and reports.